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General Information of Maha Sarakham

Size

The total area of Maha Sarakham is 5,291.7 square kilometers or approximately 3.3 million rais (source: Maha Sarakham Provincial Operation Center).

Boundaries

North borders Khon Kaen and Kalasin South borders Surin and Buriram East borders Roi-et and Kalasin West borders Khon Kaen and Buriram (source: Maha Sarakham Provincial Operation Center)

Population

Maha Sarakham has a population of 963,072 consisting of 472,797 males and 490,275 females (Source: Civil Registration Statistics System, data as of December 2017)

Geographical features

General geographic of Maha Sarakham is plateau without mountain. The upper and lower Maha Sarakham areas are formed as wave and inclined to the east. The area of the province consists of rice fields and sparse forests that are covered by tropical rain forest or Par Kok*. The land consists of sandy loam or sand that is difficult for holding water despite normal rainfall. There is water shortage in summer season. Chi River flows through the province. The whole areas of Maha Sarakham is 130 – 230 meters high on average above mean sea level (source: Maha Sarakham Provincial Operation Center). Note: “Kok*” refers to mound or high land.

Weather condition

Maha Sarakham weather is influenced by seasonal monsoons that are northeast monsoon and southwest monsoon. There are 3 seasons in Maha Sarakham. Winter season starts from October to February. It is influenced by northeast monsoon and the high pressure atmosphere (i.e. cold weather) from china that covers upper Thailand during that time. In winter season, Maha Sarakham is cold and dry. The weather is very cold in some certain days especially from December to January that is the coldest period. Summer season starts from the middle of February to May with the hottest weather in April every year. Rainy season starts from the middle of May to October. It is influenced by southwest monsoon that blows the humid weather from oceans and seas to cover Thailand. It is also the results of the low pressure atmosphere that normally covers the south of Thailand and moves upper to cover the North and Northeast of Thailand in this period. This phenomenon results in rainfall from the middle of May, especially in September that has the most rainfall. However, apart from these factors, the weather also depends on tropical cyclones that move to Thailand during that time of the year (source: Climatological Center, Meteorological Development Bureau, Thai Meteorological Department, 2017)

Provincial symbol

Maha Sarakham symbol is a big tree in a rice field. The symbol refers to the abundant land that benefits people who work on their fields for their occupation. Maha Sarakham is also abundant with foods. Other jobs of Maha Sarakham people are salt farming, cotton growing, tobacco plant growing, and silk weaving (source: Maha Sarakham Provincial Operation Center).

The provincial motto

“Esaan Buddhist diocese, civilized residence, valuable Silk, Taksila* City” Note: “Taksila*” refers to the land of education.

Attractions in Maha Sarakham

Maha Sarakham is located at the middle of Esaan. The size of the province is not big but there still have many tourist attractions in several districts. The attractions in each district are variously different. The attractions in Muang District are Ku1 Ban Kwao, Baan Nongwang Reservoir, Nong Khuan Chang Handicraft Village, Loeng Chan Rapids, Esaan Arts and Culture Centre, the Research Institute of Northeastern Art and Culture, Pottery Village, and Matcha Khong Kut Wai Park. The attractions in Kantarawichai District are Yuen Monkol Buddha Image (standing Buddha Image), Ming Muang Buddha Image, and Buddha Monkol Local Museum. The attractions in Borabue District are Prang Ku1 Buamas and Bor Reservoir. The attractions in Kae Dum District are Kae Dam Wooden Bridge, Nong Hu Ling Temple, and Huay Ang Reservoir. The attractions in Kosum Phisai District are Bon Lake and Kosamphi Park. The attractions in Wapipathum District is Ku Baan Dang. The attractions in Na Chueak District are Huay Kor Reservoir and Doon Lumpan No-hunting Area. The attractions in Na Dun District are Phra That Na Dun (Na Dun Pagoda), Esaan Buddhist diocese, Nakorn Jumpasri Museum, Baan Esaan Museum, Walairukhavej Botanical Research Institute, Holy Well, Ku1 Santarat, Ku1 Noi, Nang Kao Pavilion, Hoop Tam Sim2 (temple with paintings), and Photharam Temple. The attractions in Phayakkhaphum Phisai District is Donli Arts and Crafts Center (source: Maha Sarakham Provincial Public Health Office). Note: 1. “Ku” is ancient temple ruins. 2. “Sim” is Esaan temple architectures with mural painting on the wall.

Districts in Maha Sarakham Province

There are 13 districts in Maha Sarakham province.

No.

Districts

1

Mueang Maha Sarakham District

2

Kae Dam District

3

Kosum Phisai District

4

Kantharawichai District

5

Chiang Yuen District

6

Borabue District

7

Na Chueak District

8

Phayakkhaphum Phisai District

9

Wapi Pathum District

10

Na Dun District

11

Yang Sisurat District

12

Kut Rang District

13

Chuen Chom District

 

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