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Archaeological evidence

The archaeological evidences were found in the Narai Cheng Weng Castle as follows:

1. The front lintel of the porch (the east) is carved into the image of the Bura who rides on the back of an elephant on the top of Kala face which holds a garland in its mouth. The picture of the god who stands on the elephant would be the Indra, who resides on the back of Erawan (the elephant god). The Indra is considered the deity of the East. He is the god of rainstorms and the king of all the gods who stay in the paradise named Amornravadee (the god town). Normally, he holds the six-pointed wand (the symbol of lightning), but sometimes he holds a lotus. His vehicle is Erawan which is a 3 headed elephant figure, but in some cases, it was found to be a single headed elephant sidling away. As such, it can be compared to the engraving on the east door gable. The east side of the castle is presided over by Prasat Khao Phra Viharn Temple, which is the right folklore to the god.

แผ่นทับหลังด้านหน้าสุดของมุข (ทิศตะวันออก) สลักเป็นภาพเทพบุราประทับแบบมหราชลีลา

2. The lintel over the door frame of Kankareuha room (the north) is engraved with the image of the goddess standing on the Kala face with both hands holding the back foot of an animal (a four-footed animal like the Singha). This image is likely to be the image of Lord Krishna as he conquers the Singha. Krishna is the 8th incarnation of Narayanna to defeat the evil Pharaohs.

แผ่นทับหลังเหนือกรอบประตูห้องครรภคฤหะ ปราสาทนารายณ์เจงเวง

3. The pediment of Kankareuha room (the east) is carved with the image of a god dancing with his five angels, on the side of this picture is an image of the Lord Shivanatarad. It is considered one of the most important events of Shiva. The dance of Shiva represents both the creation and destruction of the world. If he dances with the right pace, the world will live in peace, but if he dances violently with the wrath of the world, there will be a plague. For Shivanatarad at the gable of Narai Cheng weng, is the image of Shiva - with twelve hands. Raising his hand in Jetta, the right foot touches the ground and bending his right knee the guttita. At either side, there are people involved in dancing: Uma (the consort of Shiva) and Lakshmi (the wife of Vishnu) on the right hand side. And, on the left side is a three-man god, Vishnu (4 hands), Brahma (4 faces), and Ganesh (the son of Shiva, whose head is an elephant’s), respectively.

แผ่นหน้าบันห้องครรภคฤหะ (ทิศตะวันออก) พร้อมเทพบุรุษกำลังฟ้อนรำ

4. The lintel over the pseudo-door frame (south) is carved into a narrative, divided into two lines in a formal manner. There are no designs on this lintel like the others. The upper middle is engraved with a person (looks like monkey) who is sitting in the crystal building, with their attendants sitting on both sides (each of 5 people) with their regalia and weapons and some items above on their heads. On the lower row, there is a person who is sitting on the back of an elephant. Behind the elephant, there are 5 soldiers carrying their arms, 2 people lead in front of the procession and three people are wearing something like a hat or turban which are holding their hand together in the parade. The appearance of people on the lintel reflects the influence of late Baphuon arts.

แผ่นทับหลังเหนือกรอบประตูหลอก (ทิศใต้)

5. The lintel over the pseudo-door frame (west) is in poor condition, but you can see the sculpture of a man riding the naga. There are two elements on each side with the garland that curves up from the center and then rolls down over to the tail. At the tail of the garland, there is a setting of leaves. And at the bottom is a leaf-rolling hanging down. This lintel depicts the story of Krishna at the Battle of Nagasiya. For Krishna, this is the 8th incarnation of Vishnu.

แผ่นทับหลังเหนือกรอบประตูหลอก (ทิศตะวันตก) แสดงภาพตอนพระกฤษณะปราบนาคกาสิยะ

6. The lintel over the door frame (the north) is engraved with a goddess fighting a lion, raising the back legs of the lion and the front feet holding the Garuda's feet which are standing on each side. This engraving depicts Krishna conquering the Singha that can be found in many Thai and Khmer castles.

แผ่นทับหลังเหนือกรอบประตู (ทิศเหนือ) แสดงภาพเทพบุรุษกำลังต่อสู้กับสิงห์

7. The Gable plate over the lintel (the north) is engraved the image of the 4-handed God (Vishnu), who is lying on the right side of the bald headed naga’s body (Anantanakkharat). He is the god of weapons which are represented by his wand and conch shell. Also, there is an angel (Lady Lakshmi) who is handling his shin gently. At his navel, there is only a lotus stem (the lotus blossom is missing). And also there are only 3 heads of the gods emerging at the top.

แผ่นหน้าบันเหนือทับหลัง (ทิศเหนือ) สลักเป็นภาพพระนารายณ์ประทับนอนตะแคงขวา

The meaning of this image is about the story of one of Narayana's activities at the end of his life, and the world is destroyed. At that time, Narayana was sleeping on the naga (which can be called Sessanaga or Anantanakkharat) in the ocean. When he opens his eyes, he sees the empty world. Hence, he does Yoga Nidra to create all living creatures again, then the lotus pops out of his navel with Brahma, which has four faces on the lotus to create the world and all life again. The image of this event is called "Vishnu Anatta Bin Patthamanapin", also known as. "Narayanna Bunthom Sin".